فصلنامه علمی

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار ‌مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده اقتصاد، مدیریت و علوم اداری، دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران. (نویسنده مسئول).

2 دانشجوی دکتری ‌مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده اقتصاد، مدیریت و علوم اداری، دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران.

10.22056/jir.2021.253880.2804

چکیده

هدف: عملکرد مشتری عامل تعیین­کننده­ای در دستیابی شرکت­ها به مزیت رقابتی است و بررسی ‌عوامل مؤثر بر آن از اهمیت و ضرورت بالایی برخوردار است. در این راستا، ‌پژوهش حاضر به دنبال بررسی تأثیر فرهنگ سازمانی بر عملکرد مشتری با تأکید بر نقش هوش تجاری ‌است.
روش­شناسی: این پژوهش ‌از نظر هدف کاربردی، از نظر روش و چگونگی گردآوری داده‌ها توصیفی از نوع پیمایشی و از نظر نحوه اجرا از نوع پژوهش‌های آمیخته (کیفی و کمی) است.‌ به دلیل مهیا نبودن ابزار پژوهشی، از طرح اکتشافی دو مرحله­ای استفاده شده تا ‌پژوهشگر ‌ابزار مورد نیاز را ‌تدوین نماید. جامعه آماری در ‌بخش کیفی، از اساتید دانشگاهی آشنا با موضوع، و در بخش کمی، از مشتریان و کارکنان واحد فروش شعب بیمه­های ایران، آسیا، دانا و البرز شهر تهران تشکیل شده است. ابزار گردآوری داده­ها در بخش کیفی، مصاحبه و در بخش کمی، پرسشنامه است که روایی محتوایی آنها از دید صاحب‌نظران و روایی همگرایی آنها به کمک روش­های آماری مورد تأیید قرار گرفته است. پایایی پرسشنامه­ها از طریق ‌آلفای کرونباخ بررسی شده است. همچنین، داده­ها با بهره­مندی از مدل­سازی معادلات ساختاری و نرم­افزارهای PLS و SPSS ‌تحلیل شد.
یافته­ها: نتایج نشان داد فرهنگ سازمانی از طریق هوش تجاری و سایر متغیرهای میانجی بر عملکرد مشتری تأثیر دارد. به این صورت که فرهنگ سازمانی بر مدیریت دانش، سازمان و هوش تجاری تأثیر دارد. مدیریت دانش بر سازمان، تفکر سیستمی، هوش تجاری و مدیریت ارتباط تأثیر دارد. سازمان بر تفکر سیستمی، آزاداندیشی سازمانی، و مدیریت ارتباط با تأثیر می‌گذارد. تفکر سیستمی بر مدیریت ارتباط با مشتری و هوش تجاری تأثیر دارد. آزاداندیشی سازمانی بر هوش تجاری تأثیر می‌گذارد. هوش تجاری بر مدیریت ارتباط با مشتری و عملکرد تأثیر می‌گذارد. مدیریت ارتباط با مدیریت بر عملکرد تأثیر می‌گذارد.
نتیجه­گیری: اثر فرهنگ سازمانی از طریق هوش تجاری و سایر متغیرهای میانجی بر عملکرد مشتری نشان می­دهد که سازمان‌ها -به‌ویژه سازمان‌های خدماتی- باید توجه ویژه­ای به فرهنگ سازمانی داشته باشند.
 
طبقه­بندی موضوعی: M14، M30، M31

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The impact of organizational culture on customer performance with emphasis on the role of business intelligence

نویسندگان [English]

  • A. Zarei 1
  • Z. Ahmadi Alvar 2

1 Associate Professor of Business Management, Faculty of Economics, Management and Administrative Sciences, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran. (Corresponding Author).

2 Ph.D Student in Business Management, Faculty of Economics, Management and Administrative Sciences, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Objective: Customer performance is an important factor in achieving the competitive advantage for companies and is affected by various factors. Customer performance is drawing a clear picture of the diverse needs and wants of customers that increase through communication with customers. It includes attracting new customers, retaining existing customers, and increasing customer satisfaction and loyalty. This study aims to investigate the effect of organizational culture on customer performance with emphasis on the role of business intelligence. Variables such as knowledge management, organizational learning, systems thinking, organizational open-mindedness, and customer relationship management have also been examined.
Methodology: The present study is applied in nature and is a descriptive survey in terms of purpose and data collection. It is conducted using the mixed-method (qualitative and quantitative). In this study, a two-stage exploration plan has been used. This design is used when the researcher needs to develop such a tool due to the lack of research tools. The researcher first examines the research topic qualitatively with several participants, then uses qualitative findings as a guide for compiling questions and scales of the quantitative survey tools. In the second stage of data collection, the researcher implements and validates these tools in a quantitative way. The statistical population for the qualitative part of the study includes university professors familiar with the subject (Has related scientific, research, and experimental records). The statistical population for the quantitative part of the study includes the customers and personnel of the insurance units of Iran, Asia, Dana, and Alborz branches in Tehran. The sampling method is random disproportionate classification. An interview guide and a questionnaire was used for collecting qualitative and quantitative data respectively. The face and content validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by experts, and its convergence validity was confirmed by the statistical methods. The questionnaire’s construct validity was assessed using confirmatory factor analysis. The reliability of the questionnaire was assessed using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Four criteria have been used to assure the quality of the reserach. Researchers have been involved with the topic for a long time, the data was reviewed and controlled by colleagues and participants [Credibility]; The environment and participants, and the study data were described in detail at the data collection stage [transferability]; All stages of activities such as research findings and how to interpret them have recorded [Confirmability]; All interviews were recorded, and written copies were made, data and methods were documented by the researchers [Dependability]. The two-coder intra-subject agreement method was used to ensure more reliability. Content analysis was used for data analysis. Data was analyzed by PLS and SPSS softwares.
Findings: According to the results of the interviews, three components were identified to measure the organizational open-mindedness variable, including exchange of knowledge and skills, clarification, and no prejudice (Impartiality). The present research findings indicate that Organizational culture influences customer performance through business intelligence and other mediating variables. Organizational culture affects knowledge management, organizational learning, and business intelligence. Knowledge management affects organizational learning, systems thinking, business intelligence, and customer relationship management. Organizational learning affects systems thinking, organizational open-mindedness, and customer relationship management. Systems thinking affects customer relationship management and business intelligence. Organizational open-mindedness affects business intelligence. Business intelligence affects customer relationship management and customer performance. Customer relationship management affects customer performance. Nevertheless, the effect of knowledge management on organizational open-mindedness, the effect of organizational learning on business intelligence, and the effect of organizational open-mindedness on customer relationship management were rejected.
Conclusions: Organizations, especially service organizations, should pay special attention to organizational culture. Competitive conditions are constantly changing, changes occur quickly, and the needs and wants of customers are affected and changed. If the company fails to adapt to the changing conditions of competition, it will be doomed to failure. Therefore, customer orientation must be institutionalized in the culture of the organization and be understood by all employees. In general, it can be said that the stronger an organization has a learning culture and its employees are more learning and better able to face competitive conditions, the more successful it is in communicating with customers and can get a better knowledge of customers, identify their needs faster and perform better in gaining a competitive advantage.
JEL Classification: M14,‌ M30,‌ M31

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Customer Performance
  • Organizational Culture
  • Business Intelligence
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